The Electronic Archive “Project for the Study of Dissidence and Samizdat” (PSDS) includes the database of Soviet samizdat periodicals, electronic editions of selected samizdat journals, illustrated timelines of dissident movements, and interviews with activists. The Project aims to make rare materials more widely available and to provoke questions about the trajectories of groups and individuals within the varied field of Soviet dissidence and nonconformist culture.
The name of the journal ОПТИМА (OPTIMA), No. 1 (1960) – No. 5 (1962), Leningrad, came from the brand of typewriter used to produce it. A group of students from the evening courses of the philological department at Leningrad State University, including Kim Gorev, Leonid Mikhailov and Eduard Shneiderman, formed an alternative to the official university literary society and put out this journal with poetry by their group, translations of Polish works, and articles about literature and music. Copies of issues No. 1-3 presented here come from the collection of A. F. Belousov (F. 5/2.35) at the Research Centre for East European Studies at Bremen University.